Dyscrasia is a concept from ancient Macedonian medicine, meaning the imbalance of the four humours (bodily fluids): blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm (water).The idea of Humourism was adapted by Greek and Roman physicians who believed that too little or too much of any of the four humours influenced a person's temperament, physique, and health/well-being.
BLOOD: SANGUINE Temperament
Season: SpringElement: AirQualities: Warm & moistMost attractive virtue/temperament – courageous, hopeful, amorous; feeling of joy, mirth, optimism, enthusiasm, affection. Indulgent, sensual, confident, lighthearted.Imbalance of blood = mania, irresponsible, gluttonous, inebriate, lustful.
YELLOW BILE: CHOLERIC Temperament
Season: SummerElement: FireQualities: Warm & dryDigestive virtue. Hottest, most active and destructive temperament. Provokes & excites passions. Prone to anger, impatience, irritability, short temper. Bold, courageous, confronting, ambitious. Dramatic, extreme, driven.Imbalance of yellow bile = violent, vengeful behaviour; jealousy & envy, rage.
YELLOW BILE: CHOLERIC temperament
BLACK BILE: MELANCHOLIC Temperament
Season: AutumnElement: EarthQualities: Cold & dryRetentive virtue. Contrary to Sanguine – most problematic. Pensive, withdrawn, prudent, cautious, realistic, pragmatic, pessimistic, narcissistic, gloomy, sullen.Imbalance of black bile = irritability, anxiety, depression, sleeplessness, self loathing, moodiness.
PHLEGM (WATER): PHLEGMATIC Temperament
Season: WinterElement: WaterQualities: Cold & moistExpulsive virtue. Coldest temperament, constructive. Passive, lethargic, subjective, devoted, emotional, sensitive, and sentimental. Spiritual, calm, relaxed, patient, sympathetic.Imbalance of phlegm = unemotional, apathetic, excessive laziness, depression.
PHLEGM (Water): PHLEGMATIC Temperament