The Heart of Java: Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta (or Jogjakarta) is considered the 'cultural heart of Java'. Home to the largest Buddhist temple in the world, Borobudur, and a large Hindu temple compound, Prambanan, as well as the Sultan's palace, and plenty more amazing historical and cultural sites.
Candi Borobudur & CANDI PAWON
Borobudur Temple is a Mahayana Buddhist Temple built in the 9th Century, completed circa AD 825. It is the largest Buddhist temple in the world, and one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world. The temple was designed by Gunadharma in Javanese Buddhist architecture, combining elements of indigenous Indonesian ancestor worship and the Buddhist concept of Nirvana.
Pawon Temple is a small Buddhist temple between the Borobudur and Mendut temples, it is related to these two temples as they were all built during the Sailendra dynasty (8th-9th centuries). Pawon is older than Borobudur, and is used as a place of meditation.
Candi Mendut & Mendut Monastery
Candi Mendut is an early 9th-century Buddhist temple, and is the oldest out of the Borobudur-Pawon-Mendut temples that are aligned into one straight line. Next to the temple is the Mendut Monastery, which is still used for meditation.
Keraton & Taman Sari
The Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, or Sultan's Palace. Also located within the Keraton's Palace Complex is Taman Sari, (or Water Castle) which was once the royal garden and bathing area for the Yogyakarta Sultanate. It was completed in 1765.
Masjid Agung Kotagede & Royal Cemetery
One of the largest and oldest mosques in Yogyakarta, which combines Islamic and Hindu elements in the architecture. The Royal Cemetery of the Mataram kingdom is located here, it has limited visiting hours and visitors must be barefoot and wear traditional Javanese clothing to enter the cemetery.
Prambanan is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound, and the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, as well as one of the largest in all of Southeast Asia.
The compound is made up of 3 Trimurti temples dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma; 3 Vahana temples dedicated to the vahana (the being associated with each diety as its vehicle) of each god - Nandi, Garuda, and Hamsa; 2 Apit temples; 4 Kelir temples and 4 Patok temples which serve as shrines; and 224 Prevara temples arranged around the main temples.
The temples suffered some damage from an earthquake in 2006, and are still being restored. At the time these photos were taken, the Shiva temple was undergoing renovations and had limited access.
The Saptohoedojo Art Gallery is a family-owned art gallery, restaurant, museum, and handicraft workshop, as well as a small theatre for traditional performing arts. The gallery restaurant has several traditional Indonesian artworks on display.